Filed this one under Does Debt have a role in Marco of the 21st Century? Azariadis, Kaas, and Wen (2015) first decomposed total corporate debt into secured and unsecured debt to study the relationship between...
According to the data shown in the Congressional Budget Office‘s latest The Budget and Economic Outlook: From 2019 to 2029, there are $15.8 trillion US federal debt held by the public at the end of 2018.
The Saturated Level of Reserves or efficient level of reserves, is the point which the opportunity cost for banks to hold reserves disappears, and became indifferent towards holding more reserves. The reserve demand curve beyond this point becomes close to horizontal.
The faster the credit growth, the worse it is for real growth (output per worker). This is what Stephen G. Cecchetti and Enisse Kharroubi want to explain in their NBER working paper "Why Does Credit Growth Crowd Out Real Economic Growth?"
In fact, there are options that are more effective and beneficial to the US. One of them is to provide what I would call “financial refugee” to Hong Kong people.